RICH, ADRIENNE (1929– ), U.S. poet. Rich was the daughter of a Jewish father who distanced himself from Judaism,   and a gentile mother. Her Jewishness, and her response to it, inform much of the poignancy of her poems about claiming a heritage. No less importantly, her poetry is often bound up with her father, patriarchal authority, and her lesbianism. A revolt against, as well as a feminist reading of, a Judaism that is male-dominated, gives Rich's poetry a characteristic strength, compassion, and large embrace. In "Yom Kippur 1984," she reflects: "Am I writing merely about privilege/ about drifting from the center, drawn to edges.…" Rich, often writing about the shared experiences of females and about historical women, began her career with tightly controlled poetry which brought her early recognition by critics and other poets. Her first book of verse, A Change of World (1951), was chosen by W.H. Auden for the Yale Younger Poets Award; a Guggenheim Fellowship followed (1952–53). The Diamond Cutters and Other Poems (1955) won the Ridgely Torrence Memorial Award of the Poetry Society of America. She was also awarded the National Institute of Arts and Letters Award for poetry (1960); another Guggenheim Fellowship (1961–62); and a Bollingen Foundation grant for translation of Dutch poetry (1962). In 1994, she was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship. Rich married an economist, had three sons, and served as Phi Beta Kappa poet at William and Mary College, at Swarthmore College, and at Harvard College. After Rich and her family moved to New York City in 1966, she grew active in protests against the war in Vietnam. Rich's poetry became radicalized as well, moving away from the precise blank verse that had been her trademark to freer meters. Leaflets (1969) expressed her new conviction that the goal of poetry should be to illuminate the moment, rather than to be worked over for posterity. In 1970 Rich's husband died and she became increasingly involved in the radical feminist movement. She won the Shelley Memorial Award of the Poetry Society of America in 1971 and served as the Fanny Hurst Visiting Professor of Creative Literature at Brandeis University in 1972–73. When she was awarded a National Book Award for her 1973 book of verse, Diving into the Wreck, she refused to accept the award as an individual, and instead accepted it in the name of all women. Her books of poetry include Poems: Selected and New (1975) and A Wild Patience Has Taken Me This Far (1981). Of special interest is Rich's volume of poetry Your Native Land, Your Life (1986) which speaks about her Jewish identity. Her An Atlas of the Difficult World: Poems 19881991 was published in 1991; her Collected Early Poems, 19501970 in 1993; The School Among the Ruins: Poems, 20002004 in 2004. She has written several volumes of essays, among them On Lies, Secrets, and Silence: Selected Prose, 19961978 (1979); Blood, Bread, and Poetry: Selected Prose, 19791985 (1986); and What Is Found There: Notebooks on Poetry and Politics (1993). -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.R. Cooper (ed.), Reading Adrienne Rich: Reviews and Re-visions, 195181 (1984), J. Perrault, Writing Selves: Contemporary Feminist Autobiography (1995); A. Templeton, The Dream and the Dialogue: Adrienne Rich's Feminist Poetics (1994). (Sylvia Barack Fishman / Lewis Fried (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Rich,Adrienne — Rich (rĭch), Adrienne. Born 1929. American poet and essayist whose works, notably Diving Into the Wreck (1973), concern radical feminism, lesbianism, and political activism. * * * …   Universalium

  • Rich, Adrienne — ▪ American poet in full  Adrienne Cecile Rich  born May 16, 1929, Baltimore, Md., U.S.       American poet, scholar, teacher, and critic whose many volumes of poetry trace a stylistic transformation from formal, well crafted but imitative poetry… …   Universalium

  • Rich, Adrienne — (b. 1929)    American poet. Her first book of verse, A Change of World, was chosen by W. H. Auden for the Yale Younger Poets Award. Later she was Phi Beta Kappa poet at William and Mary College, Swathmore College, and Harvard. Her work includes… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Rich, Adrienne (Cecile) — born May 16, 1929, Baltimore, Md., U.S. U.S. poet, scholar, and critic. She was a student at Radcliffe College when her poems were chosen for publication in the Yale Younger Poets series; the resulting volume, A Change of World (1951), reflected… …   Universalium

  • Rich, Adrienne (Cecile) — (16 may. 1929, Baltimore, Md. EE.UU.). Poeta, crítica y académica estadounidense. Mientras estudiaba en Radcliffe College sus poemas fueron seleccionados para ser publicados en la colección de poetas jóvenes de Yale; en ese libro, titulado A… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adrienne Rich — Rich (right), with writer Audre Lorde (left) and Meridel Le Sueur (middle) in Austin Texas, 1980 Born Adrienne Cecile Rich May 16, 1929 (1929 05 16 …   Wikipedia

  • Adrienne Rich — Rich (dcha.), con las escritoras Audre Lorde (izq.) y Meridel Le Sueur (centro) en Austin, Texas, 1980 Adrienne Cecile Rich (16 de mayo de 1929, Baltimore, Maryland), poeta, intelectual, crítica y activista le …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rich — /rich/, n. 1. Adrienne, born 1929, U.S. poet and feminist. 2. a male given name, form of Richard. * * * (as used in expressions) Rich Adrienne Cecile Rich Buddy Bernard Rich * * * …   Universalium

  • Adrienne Rich — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rich. Adrienne Rich née le 16 mai 1929 à Baltimore dans le Maryland est une poètesse des États Unis de la fin du XXe siècle. Dès 1951, elle publie son premier recueil de poèmes, A Change of World,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • rich — richly, adv. richness, n. /rich/, adj., richer, richest, n. adj. 1. having wealth or great possessions; abundantly supplied with resources, means, or funds; wealthy: a rich man; a rich nation. 2. abounding in natural resources: a rich territory.… …   Universalium

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